Land Area: 110,860 sq km
Population: 11,167,325 (2012)
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Peso (CUP)
Independence from: Spain & United States
Government: Marxist–Leninist single-party state
Calling Code: +53
The island is divided into 15 provinces and one special municipality, Isla de la Juventud. Notable Cuba areas include rural Piñar del Rio, where tobacco farming builds economic momentum; seaside Santiago de Cuba, the country’s second largest city next to Havana rife with colorful Afro-Cuban influence; and colonial Trinidad, a sleepy town designated a UNESCO world heritage site nestled between majestic mountains and the sea..